A sickle, or bagging hook, is a hand-held agricultural tool designed with variously curved blades and typically used for harvesting, or reaping, grain crops or cutting succulent forage chiefly for feeding livestock, either freshly cut or dried as hay.
Since the beginning of the Iron Age hundreds of region-specific variants of the sickle have evolved, initially of iron and later steel. This great diversity of sickle types across many cultures can be divided into smooth or serrated blades, both of which can be used for cutting either green grass or mature cereals using slightly different techniques. The serrated blade that originated in prehistoric sickles still dominates in the reaping of grain and is even found in modern grain-harvesting machines and in some kitchen knives.
shown at Fotopub Festival NovoMesto
Trepanning, also known as trepanation, trephination, trephining or making a burr hole (the verb trepanderives via Old French via Medieval Latin from the Greek noun of relevant meaning trypanon, literally “borer, auger”) is a surgical intervention in which a hole is drilled or scraped into the human skull, exposing thedura mater to treat health problems related to intracranial diseases. It may also refer to any “burr” hole created through other body surfaces, including nail beds. It is often used to relieve pressure beneath a surface. A trephine is an instrument used for cutting out a round piece of skull bone.
A Machine is an object that removes the need of the human hand and throughout history the threat that new technology brings to the workman’s livelihood has been an ongoing concern. ‘Frame Break’ loosely takes its form from that of a loom, and like much of Jack West’s other work this relationship between man and machine is a central theme. The sculpture takes its name from “The Frame breaking act” that was passed by parliament in the wake of the Luddite revolts in northern England, whereby a large number of industrial looms were destroyed in protest to mechanization.
The loom is also a piece of technology that has been central to the social and economic development of Spitalfields and in particular symbolizes the work of the Huguenot weavers; 16th century refugees who immigrated to the area having fled persecution in France. ‘Frame Break’ takes on the appearance of having once performed a specific function but now it lies broken and unresolved. It questions ideas of work, purpose and the perceived threat of ‘the other’ that new technology, people or other ideas can elicit.